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CCOG for MLT 120 archive revision 120

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Effective Term:
Fall 2015 through Winter 2024
Course Number:
MLT 120
Course Title:
Credit Hours:
Lecture Hours:
Lecture/Lab Hours:
Lab Hours:

Course Description

Reviews anatomy and physiology associated with production of urine. Introduces urine composition, urinalysis testing principles and procedures, and the clinical correlation of results with disease conditions. Audit available.

Addendum to Course Description

Reviews anatomy and physiology of the kidney, urine formation and composition. Introduces methods of urine collection, principles of urinalysis and correlation of results with disease states.

Intended Outcomes for the course

  • Use an understanding of urine specimen adequacy, routine urinalysis procedures and expected normal test results to make appropriate and effective on-the-job professional decisions.
  • Perform urinalysis, assess laboratory data and report findings according to laboratory protocol.
  • Adapt urinalysis laboratory techniques and procedures when errors and discrepancies in results are obtained to effect resolution in a professional and timely manner.
  • Recognize normal and abnormal urinalysis test results and correlate the data with appropriate pathological conditions to accurately advise health care providers.

Course Activities and Design

The class is presented by means of lecture/discussion, audio-visual presentations, handouts, demonstrations, web based instructional media and other educationally sound practices. Comprehensive lab work requires demonstration of competency to receive a satisfactory grade. A laboratory manual is provided. The laboratory exercises provide an opportunity for students to employ the testing principles and methodologies discussed and allow for discussion, application and correlation of the concepts presented.  The student is expected to perform all laboratory procedures according to the criteria established by the department. 

Outcome Assessment Strategies

Assessment methods may include written and practical examinations, homework assignments and discussion activities. Student knowledge application, laboratory performance, problem solving skills, punctuality and attendance, participation, and communication skills is assessed in each laboratory exercise utilizing an evaluation rubric that includes cognitive, psychomotor and affective learning domains.  

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

Course Themes:

  • Urine formation
    • Renal anatomy and physiology
    • Urine formation: filtration, absorption, secretion
    • Urine composition
  • Urine specimens
    • Collection instructions
    • Collection methods
    • Urine specimen types
    • Storage and viability
  • Urinalysis
    • Laboratory procedures for urinalysis
    • Physiologic assessment using urinalysis
    • Correlating disease states with abnormal results
  • Porphyrias and Aminoacidurias
    • General biochemical pathways of porphyrias and heme production
    • Aminoacidurias, porphyrias and other common inborn errors of metabolism
    • Special urine testing


Knowledge and Application (Cognitive Skills):

  • Cognitive processes
    • Explain urinalysis theory supporting test principles
    • Integrate knowledge and making informed judgments about urinalysis  test results  in the clinical setting
    • Formulate a clear, answerable question
    • Predict expected results
    • Follow written protocols and verbal instructions
  • Analysis skills
    • Collect and organize data in a systematic fashion
    • Present data in an appropriate form
    • Assess the validity of the data (including integrity and significance)
    • Draw appropriate conclusions based on the results
  • Troubleshooting and problem solving
    • Recognize errors or discrepancies in results during lab procedures
    • Select corrective actions for problem solving
  • Safety skills
    • Recognize safety equipment and laboratory safety measures
  • Communication skills
    • Discuss and present lab results or findings in the laboratory
  • Interpersonal and citizenry skills
    • Work effectively in teams or groups so that the task, results, and analysis may be shared
    • Effectively manage time and tasks allowing concurrent and/or overlapping tasks to be done simultaneously, by individuals and/or within a group
    • Integrate knowledge and make informed judgments about urinalysis  test results  in the clinical setting

Performance (Psychomotor Skills):

  • Utilize safety measures and equipment
    • Utilize adequate personal protective equipment, sharp container, fume hood and other safety devices
  • Perform urinalysis
    • Assess sample adequacy
    • Select appropriate equipment
    • Prepare urine specimens (aliquot, pre-warm,  prepare urine sediment)
    • Perform chemical analysis using the dipstick method
    • Evaluate macroscopic characteristic (color and appearance)
    • Use the refractometer to determine specific gravity
    • Observe and evaluate urine sediment under the  microscopic
    • Perform confirmatory tests
    • Report results according to laboratory protocol

Professional (Affective) Skills:

  • Demonstrate interest, enthusiasm, and willingness to learn as seen through active participation.
  • Show initiative and motivation as demonstrated by independence in performing routine procedures, preparation before class, decreased need for supervision, willingness to go beyond the required assignments, and recognition of opportunities to improve quality and productivity of work.
  • Adapt to stressful and/or new situations by maintaining composure and flexibility without compromising individual integrity.
  • Exhibit teamwork through cooperation, courtesy, respect, and sensitivity towards others.
  • Convey a professional attitude as shown by an appropriate level of confidence and a positive outlook toward work and other people.
  • Demonstrate integrity as shown by the admission and documentation of errors, recognition of the potential danger of short cuts, and the maintenance of patient and co-worker confidentiality.
  • Act responsibly and reliably as measured by punctuality, attendance, dependability, and quality of work.
  • Respond favorably to supervision and feedback.
  • Persevere until task is completed satisfactorily.