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CCOG for BI 232 Spring 2024

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Course Number:
BI 232
Course Title:
Human Anatomy & Physiology II
Credit Hours:
Lecture Hours:
Lecture/Lab Hours:
Lab Hours:

Course Description

Continues the study of the nervous system, including brain, cranial nerves, and autonomic nervous system. Introduces the endocrine, cardiovascular and immune systems. Includes lecture discussions complemented by laboratories involving microscopy, animal dissection, physiological exercises and computer based exercises. This is the second course in a three-course sequence. Prerequisites: BI 231. Audit available.

Addendum to Course Description

To clarify the teaching of evolution and its place in the classroom, the Portland Community College Biology Departments stands by the following statements about what is science and how the theory of evolution is the major organizing theory in the discipline of the biological sciences.
* Science is a fundamentally non-dogmatic and self-correcting investigatory process. In science, a theory is neither guess, dogma, nor myth. The theories developed through scientific investigation are not decided in advance, but can be and often are, modified and revised through observation and experimentation.
* The theory of evolution meets the criteria of a scientific theory. In contrast, creation "science" is neither self-examining nor investigatory. Creation "science" is not considered a legitimate science, but a form of religious advocacy. This position is established by legal precedence (Webster v. New Lenox School district #122, 917 F. 2d 1004).
Biology instructors of Portland Community College will teach the theory of evolution not as absolute truth but as the most widely accepted scientific theory on the diversity of life. We, the Biology Subject Area Curriculum Committee at Portland Community College, therefore stand with such organizations as the National Association of Biology Teachers in opposing the inclusion of pseudo-sciences in our science curricula.

Intended Outcomes for the course

Upon completion of the course students should be able to:

  1. Apply concepts, knowledge, and correct terminology to describe anatomy and physiology related to the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, and immune systems.
  2. Critically evaluate clinical and physiological data from direct observation and documented research.
  3. Connect specific human anatomy and physiology topics to public health and social issues.

Quantitative Reasoning

Students completing an associate degree at Portland Community College will be able to analyze questions or problems that impact the community and/or environment using quantitative information.

General education philosophy statement

Bi 232 is the second course in a year-long series of anatomy and physiology. The series is a prerequisite to many allied health programs including but not limited to nursing, dental hygiene, and physical therapy. In this course we study form and function of the human body. For each system we study we begin at the cellular level and increase our perspective to include tissues, organs, and organ systems. We then include how the system is integrated with other body systems. We discuss the function of these systems in the context of homeostasis and how their environmental and lifestyle can impact function. Students learn to apply the information they learn in clinical settings and apply their knowledge to disease etiology, pathophysiology and the effects of their environment and their own health. Students analyze quantitative and qualitative data in order to distinguish between healthy physiological function and disease states. Ethical, environmental and social considerations of maintaining health, or addressing health disparities, are discussed.

Course Activities and Design

This course will be taught in a traditional lecture and laboratory format. Lecture will be presented utilizing a variety of multimedia and interactive presentations. Laboratory experiences will be largely hands-on and team-based, utilizing a variety of resources including (but not limited to): multimedia, prepared microscope slides, human and animal specimens.

Outcome Assessment Strategies

At the beginning of the course, the instructor will explain the methods used to evaluate student progress and the criteria for assigning a course grade. Instructors are encouraged to include a variety of techniques, including: examinations, quizzes, poster and/or oral presentations, interpretation of case studies, homework assignments, laboratory write-ups, research papers, portfolios and small group exercises.

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)


  • Professionalism - attitude
  • Interdependence of health care professions
  • Limitations of personal skill levels and knowledge
  • Critical thinking


  • Homeostasis
  • Interrelationship between form and function
  • Scientific method


  • Conflicting and limitations of data
  • Use of animal testing
  • Differences between science and pseudo-science
  • Attitudes and practices are evolving


  • Microscope skills
  • Dissection skills
  • Interpretation of data
  • Effective usage of terms
  • Positive group interactions
  • Locating and accessing information
  • Environmental awareness and proper disposal of hazardous waste
  • Study skills

Instructional Goals:
The goal is to complete the survey of the anatomy and physiology of the human nervous system, focusing on the brain, cranial nerves, autonomic nervous systems including the organs of the special senses. Another goal is to develop an understanding of the role that the nervous system plays in regulating the functions of other organ systems.
Instructional Goal:
The goal is to survey the anatomical and physiological components of the human endocrine system, and to develop an understanding of the role that the endocrine system plays in controlling the functions of other organ systems.
Instructional Goal:
The goal is to survey the anatomical and physiological components of the human cardiovascular system.
Instructional Goal:
To develop an understanding of immunological concepts and the role that the immune system plays in the maintenance of health.