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CCOG for BI 231 Winter 2022

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Course Number:
BI 231
Course Title:
Human Anatomy & Physiology I
Credit Hours:
4
Lecture Hours:
30
Lecture/Lab Hours:
0
Lab Hours:
30

Course Description

Introduces basic anatomical and physiological terms, tissues, the integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems including nervous histology, physiology, spinal cord and nerves. Includes lecture discussions complemented by laboratories involving microscopy, animal dissection, physiological exercises and computer based exercises. This is the first course in a three-course sequence. Prerequisites: (WR 115 and RD 115) or IRW 115 and MTH 65 or equivalent placement, and BI 112 or (BI 211 and BI 212). Audit available.

Addendum to Course Description

To clarify the teaching of evolution and its place in the classroom, the Portland Community College Biology Departments stand by the following statements about what is science and how the theory of evolution is the major organizing theory in the discipline of the biological sciences. 

* Science is a fundamentally non-dogmatic and self-correcting investigatory process. In science, a theory is neither guess, dogma, nor myth. The theories developed through scientific investigation are not decided in advance, but can be and often are, modified and revised through observation and experimentation. 

* The theory of evolution meets the criteria of a scientific theory. In contrast, creation "science" is neither self-examining nor investigatory. Creation "science" is not considered a legitimate science, but a form of religious advocacy. This position is established by legal precedence (Webster v. New Lenox School district #122, 917 F. 2d 1004). Biology instructors of Portland Community College will teach the theory of evolution not as absolute truth but as the most widely accepted scientific theory on the diversity of life. We, the Biology Subject Area Curriculum Committee at Portland Community College, therefore stand with such organizations as the National Association of Biology Teachers in opposing the inclusion of pseudo-sciences in our science curricula. 

Intended Outcomes for the course

Upon completion of the course students should be able to:

  1. Apply concepts, knowledge, and correct terminology to describe anatomy and physiology related to the integumentary, muscular, skeletal, and nervous systems.
  2. Critically evaluate clinical and physiological data from direct observation and documented research.
  3. Connect specific human anatomy and physiology topics to public health and social issues.

Quantitative Reasoning

Students completing an associate degree at Portland Community College will be able to analyze questions or problems that impact the community and/or environment using quantitative information.

General education philosophy statement

Bi 231 is the first course in a year-long series of anatomy and physiology. The series is a prerequisite to many allied health programs including but not limited to nursing, dental hygiene, and physical therapy. In this course we study form and function of the human body. For each system we study we begin at the cellular level and increase our perspective to include tissues, organs, and organ systems. We then include how the system is integrated with other body systems. We discuss the function of these systems in the context of homeostasis and how their environmental and lifestyle can impact function. Students learn to apply the information they learn in clinical settings and apply their knowledge to disease etiology, pathophysiology and the effects of their environment and their own health. Students analyze quantitative and qualitative data in order to distinguish between healthy physiological function and disease states. Ethical, environmental and social considerations of maintaining health, or addressing health disparities, are discussed.

Course Activities and Design

This course will be taught in a traditional lecture and laboratory format. Lecture will be presented utilizing a variety of multimedia and interactive presentations. Laboratory experiences will be largely hands-on and team-based, utilizing a variety of resources including (but not limited to): multimedia, prepared microscope slides, human and animal specimens. 

Outcome Assessment Strategies

At the beginning of the course, the instructor will explain the methods used to evaluate student progress and the criteria for assigning a course grade. Instructors are encouraged to include a variety of techniques, including: examinations, quizzes, poster and/or oral presentations, interpretation of case studies, homework assignments, laboratory write-ups, research papers, portfolios and small group exercises. 

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

COURSE CONTENT:

THEMES:

  • Professionalism - attitude
  • Interdependence of health care professions
  • Limitations of personal skill levels and knowledge
  • Critical thinking 

CONCEPTS

  • Homeostasis
  • Interrelationship between form and function
  • Scientific method

ISSUES

  • Conflicting and limitations of data
  • Use of animal testing
  • Differences between science and pseudo-science
  • Attitudes and practices are evolving

COMPETENCIES AND SKILLS

  • Microscope skills
  • Dissection skills
  • Interpretation of data
  • Proper usage and pronunciation of terms
  • Positive group interactions
  • Locating and accessing information
  • Environmental awareness and proper disposal of hazardous waste
  • Study skills

EXPECTED STUDENT COMPETENCIES:  

1.0 INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY  

Instructional Goal: The goals are to survey the scope of the course and to develop a basic working vocabulary applicable to the study of anatomy and physiology. Students will also be taught about homeostasis. 

2.0 INTRODUCTION TO TISSUES, MEMBRANES, AND GLANDS  

Instructional Goal: The goal is to survey the fundamental tissue groups that combine to form the human body, to understand how tissues are classified as membranes, and to understand the formation of endocrine and exocrine glands. 

3.0 INTRODUCTION TO INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM  

Instructional Goals: The goals are to survey the anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system. 

4.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE SKELETAL SYSTEM  

Instructional Goal: The goal is to survey the anatomy and physiology of the skeletal system. 

5.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM  

Instructional Goals: The goals are to develop an understanding of the physiology of muscle contractions and become familiar with the names, locations, and functions of the major muscles. 

6.0 INTRODUCTION TO THE NERVOUS TISSUE  

Instructional Goals: The goals are to develop an understanding of the organization of the nervous system, nervous histology, the physiology of nerve impulse conduction and spinal cords and nerves.