- Course Number:
- VT 105
- Course Title:
- Comparative Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology I
- Credit Hours:
- Lecture Hours:
- Lecture/Lab Hours:
- Lab Hours:
- Special Fee:
Course DescriptionCovers the form and function of animal bodies and examines the anatomical and physiological differences between selected species. Includes a lab where skeletons and cadaver specimens are studied. Focuses on microscopic anatomy and anatomy and physiology of bones, muscles, and skin. Prerequisites: Admission to Veterinary Technology program.
Addendum to Course Description
The purpose of this course is to introduce the veterinary technology student to the comparative aspects of anatomy and physiology between dogs, cats, horses, ruminants, pigs, laboratory animals, and birds.
This is designed for first year veterinary technology students and is a graduation requirement for the Associates Degree in Applied Sciences in Veterinary Technology. Credits in this course are not transferable to a four-year school towards a baccalaureate degree.
The text required for this course is Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians by Thomas Colville.
Intended Outcomes for the course
Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:
- Compare the tissue structure of different organ systems and different animals.
- Describe the basic structures of the integumentary system on a comparative basis between animals.
- Contrast the skeletal features of the cat with other mammal and avian species.
- Describe the different types of joint structures and compare the joints of various animal species.
- Explain the function of the peripheral nervous system.
- Describe muscle structure and function on a microscopic, gross, and a comparative basis.
Course Activities and Design
This course is designed to be a lecture-lab course. It is a four-credit-hour course that meets for eight-lecture-lab hours per week. Although the course is a lecture-lab course, four hours per week are devoted to lecture and four hours per week to lab.
The course provides instruction in microscopic anatomy, anatomy and physiology of cells and tissues, the integumentary system, bones, and muscles, with emphasis on the comparative aspects between species of each organ system.
Outcome Assessment Strategies
Grades will be based on the students understanding of the course content as demonstrated by periodic examinations, one comprehensive final exam, and by attendance. To receive a passing grade, the student must have attended a minimum of 80 per cent of each of the lecture and lab classes.
Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)
1.0 Microscopic anatomy
The goal is to provide an informational basis, which will enable the student to gain knowledge of the basics of tissue structure on a comparative basis between different organ systems and different animals.
1.1.0 The Microscope
1.2.0 The Cell
1.3.0 Histology Basics: Introduction to Tissues, Organs, and Systems.
2.0 The integumentary system
The goal is to provide an informational basis to introduce the student to the basic structures of the integumentary system on a comparative basis between animals.
2.1.0 The Skin
2.4.0 Discuss the structure and function of the arrectores pilorum muscle.
2.5.0 The Hoof
2.6.0 Nail and Claw
2.7.0 Define chestnut and ergot.
2.8.0 Horns and Antlers
The goal is to provide an information basis for the student to develop a detailed understanding of the skeletal features of the cat, and the comparatives aspects of skeletal anatomy between the other animal and avian species. Microscopic anatomy of bone, as well as bone growth and fracture healing, is also studied.
3.1.0 Microscopic Anatomy
3.2.0 Differentiate between the different types of bones based on shape, location, and structure.
3.3.0 Describe the types and purposes of the following bone structures.
3.4.0 Skeletal Structure:
The goal is to provide an informational basis for the student to develop a detailed understanding of arthrology, including the different types of joint structure, and comparative arthrology between animal species.
4.2.0 Ligaments and Cartilage
4.3.0 Describe and identify all of the diarthrodial joints in the live cat, dog, horse, and ox.
The goal is to provide an informational basis for the student to develop an understanding of and neurophysiology of the peripheral nervous system.
5.1.0 The Peripheral Nervous System
5.2.0 The Nerve Impulse
The goal is to provide an informational basis for the student to develop a detailed understanding of muscle structure, function, and anatomy on a microscopic, gross, and a comparative basis.
6.1.0 Microscopic Anatomy
6.4.0 Topographical Anatomy
6.5.0 Muscle Pathology