Course Content and Outcomes Guide for PSY 202A Effective Fall 2021
- Course Number:
- PSY 202A
- Course Title:
- Introduction to Psychology - Part 2
- Credit Hours:
- Lecture Hours:
- Lecture/Lab Hours:
- Lab Hours:
- Special Fee:
Addendum to Course Description
The Psychology Program at PCC adheres to evidence-based course content and teaching best practices. "[Science] is more than a school subject, or the periodic table, or the properties of waves. It is an approach to the world, a critical way to understand and explore and engage with the world, and then have the capacity to change that world..." President Barack Obama, March 23, 2015. US Department of Education webpage
Intended Outcomes for the course
Upon completion of the course students should be able to:
1. Describe the key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychology, including basic knowledge of psychology’s content domains and applications to everyday life within the course topics: emotion and motivation, personality, intelligence, problem-solving and creativity, psychological disorders, therapy and treatment, health psychology, social psychology, and associated topics in cognition.
2. Utilize knowledge of psychological research methodologies to discuss and evaluate historical and current theories relative to course topics.
3. Apply information literacy and critical thinking guidelines in evaluating claims about human behavior specific to the course topics.
4. Describe sociocultural factors and ethical standards in evaluating psychological science and practice.
Social Inquiry and Analysis
Students completing an associate degree at Portland Community College will be able to apply methods of inquiry and analysis to examine social contexts and the diversity of human thought and experience.
General education philosophy statement
Psychology is a science-based discipline aimed broadly at pursuing and advancing the understanding of human behavior. Within the field of psychology are more than 100 diverse specialty areas, including such fields as neuroscience, human development, clinical and counseling psychology, sports psychology, cultural and international psychology, the psychology of law, environmental psychology, health psychology, military psychology, the psychology of religion, media psychology, social psychology, and trauma psychology (just to name a few). With such far-ranging fields of study, psychology is in a unique position to help world citizens develop a deeper understanding of themselves, their environments, and others – along with the complex and reciprocal interactions among these factors. The aspirational goal of psychologists, around the world and here at PCC, is for this deeper understanding to ultimately promote a world society that values and practices empathy and cooperation among our diverse peoples. With that goal in mind, PCC psychology faculty place a high value on helping students see and understand the connections between the psychological concepts they study and their own lives. Offering learning opportunities to our diverse students in the rich context of psychology will allow them to develop their abilities to analyze critically, to communicate effectively, and to understand complex Issues – both local and global – from multiple perspectives. Through student learning and acquisition of its Intended Course Outcomes, PSY 202A specifically addresses the PCC mission of helping individuals to understand themselves and their natural and technological environments, to reason both qualitatively and quantitatively, and to conceptually organize individual experience and discern its meaning.
Students completing an associate degree at Portland Community College will be able to analyze and evaluate how cultural systems relate to broader social dynamics.
Course Activities and Design
All sections of this course, whether F2F or online, will utilize multiple modes of assessment, and not just rely on objective (T/F and MC) tests. Online sections will adhere to ‘Quality Matters’ and accessibility guidelines along with the “What Works Well in Online Teaching at PCC” document.
Teachers will employ best practices, which include (but are not limited to):
- Making expectations clear and transparent, and supporting students in achieving course expectations.
- Assessing often, via different modes, and providing timely feedback on student performance (generally a week or less, but no more than 10 days unless extenuating circumstances intervene) so that students have the opportunity to improve.
- Maintaining an environment in which diversity is respected and supported, and addressing the situation when that does not occur.
- Maintaining an environment in which all students can learn, and seeking appropriate support (PCC CARE program) when a student is demonstrating behavior that is interfering with their own and/or others’ success.
- Recognizing and supporting student needs, including disability support, and providing reasonable arrangements for extenuating circumstances while remaining fair to all students in the course.
Outcome Assessment Strategies
Student assessment will include some combination of the following:
- Written assignments (in-class, homework, or formal papers) designed to promote integration and understanding of class material and assigned reading
- Short answer and/or essay questions that require integration, application and critical examination of assigned material
- Objective tests such as multiple-choice, true-false, and matching assessment items
- Narrative tests such as fill-in-the-blank, short-answer, and essay exams
- Participation in individual and group activities
- Individual and/or group presentations
- Class participation, including online discussions where appropriate and part of course delivery and outcomes
- Service-learning activities, where appropriate and part of course outcomes
- Other assignments as designed by the instructor
Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)
- Explain the physiology of emotional responses.
- Compare and contrast the main theories of emotion.
- Describe universal vs. culturally-dependent aspects of emotional expression.
- Define motivation in terms of drives, motives, and intrinsic vs. extrinsic motivators.
- Discuss motivation theories regarding hunger and sex.
- Summarize the evolutionary perspective on motivation.
- Compare and contrast drive, needs, humanistic, and psychoanalytic theories of motivation.
- Explain the relationship between arousal and motivation.
- Trace the history of the field of personality psychology
- Discuss the relationship between genetics and personality development
- Discuss the impact of culture and gender on personality development
- Summarize the major personality fields, including type, trait, psychodynamic, humanistic, and socio-cognitive theories.
- Trace the history of the study of human intelligence and intelligence testing.
- Summarize the major theories of single “g” vs multiple intelligences.
- Describe the roles of genetic and environmental factors in human intelligence.
- Describe the strengths and limitations of intelligence tests.
Problem-solving and Creativity:
- Describe human problem-solving, including trial-and-error, algorithms, heuristics, and insight.
- Describe the relationship between language and thinking, including the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis.
- Describe cognitive biases that interfere with evidence-based judgements and decisions.
- Describe creativity, including divergent thinking and overcoming functional fixedness.
- Describe the challenges inherent in trying to define “normal” and “abnormal”.
- Discuss the pros and cons of the DSM system of classifying mental disorders.
- Summarize the diagnostic characteristics of common psychological disorders, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD, dissociative disorders, and somatic disorders.
- Identify the clusters and types of personality disorders.
Therapy and Treatment:
- Discuss the history, goals, and types of psychotherapy and their effectiveness.
- Discuss the history and efficacy of various types of biomedical therapies.
- Summarize the factors of culture and gender in the therapy process.
- Compare and contrast psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic, and group therapies.
- Compare and contrast the biomedical therapies, including psychotropic medications, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery.
- Define the focus and goals of the field of health psychology.
- Discuss biopsychosocial influences on health and illness.
- Differentiate between distress and eustress.
- Describe the human body’s response to stress.
- Describe adaptive and maladaptive strategies for coping with stress.
- Define the goals, questions, and approaches of the field of social psychology.
- Discuss the various types and errors of attribution.
- Discuss influences on and motivators of attitude.
- Describe the origins and impacts of prejudice.
- Explain why conformity and obedience occurs.
- Identify common effects and biases of being in groups.