Portland Community College | Portland, Oregon Portland Community College

Course Content and Outcomes Guide for BI 121 Effective Fall 2021

Course Number:
BI 121
Course Title:
Introduction to Human Anatomy & Physiology I
Credit Hours:
4
Lecture Hours:
30
Lecture/Lab Hours:
0
Lab Hours:
30
Special Fee:
$12.00

Course Description

Surveys anatomical terminology, basic chemistry, cell structure and function, tissues, and the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous. Involves lecture discussions complemented by physiological laboratory exercises, dissections, microscopy, and multimedia. Prerequisites: Placement into WR 121 and (MTH 58 or MTH 60 or any math course for which either is a prerequisite). Audit available.

Intended Outcomes for the course

Upon completion of the course students should be able to:

  1. Apply to clinical scenarios the concepts and knowledge of the general terminology, cell structure and function, histology, gross anatomy, and physiology of several organ systems (integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous).
  2. Research and critically evaluate various sources of information related to these systems, in order to discern reliable scientific information from unsourced information and pseudoscience.
  3. Communicate information related to these systems through written, verbal, or multimedia formats, in order to assess current knowledge, answer investigative questions, and explore new questions for additional research.
  4. Evaluate information on human health and medical research related to its social, environmental, and ethical implications as a responsible member of society.
  5. Use scientific laboratory equipment in order to gather and analyze data on human anatomy and physiology.
  6. Demonstrate how these human organ systems are interrelated to apply a holistic approach to human health.

Quantitative Reasoning

Students completing an associate degree at Portland Community College will be able to analyze questions or problems that impact the community and/or environment using quantitative information.

General education philosophy statement

BI 121 Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology I surveys anatomical terminology, basic chemistry, cell structure and function, and the following human organ systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous. Students learn the structure and function of these organ systems, what diseases result from dysfunction of these organ systems, and how environmental factors may contribute to health outcomes. Students analyze quantitative and qualitative data in order to distinguish between healthy physiological function and disease states. Ethical and social considerations of maintaining health, or addressing health disparities, are discussed.

Outcome Assessment Strategies

Course outcome assessment will be achieved using a combination of the following:  case studies, group projects, individual projects, quizzes, tests,  in class activities, laboratory activities, presentations, and journals.
 

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 
Survey the scope of the course
Develop a basic working vocabulary applicable to the study of anatomy and physiology.
Define and describe mechanisms of homeostasis.

I.  Cell Structure and Function
Identify the organelles found in human cells
Explain the function of the organelles found in human cells
Describe the processes by which materials are transported across cell membranes
Describe the mechanism of mitotic cell division
Compare mitotic cell division to meiotic cell division
Understand the relationship between a cell's structure and its function

II.  Cellular Chemistry
Understand the basis of pH and its effect on cells
Describe the major categories of organic molecules and their function(s) in the human body
Describe the mechanism of enzyme activity
Describe  the basics of protein synthesis
Understand the fundamentals of basic chemistry
III.  Tissues
Identify the major categories of tissues in the human body
IV.  Integumentary System
Identify the principle structures and layers of human skin
Explain the functions of the principle structures and layers of human skin
Explain how skin is involved in thermoregulation
Describe the process of skin repair
Explain the role of the integumentary system in homeostasis of the human body
Describe diseases/disorders associated with skin
V.  Skeletal System
Identify the major bones of the human body
Describe the processes of bone formation
Describe the processes of bone replacement and repair
Explain the homeostasis of body calcium
Differentiate between the types of joints found in the human body
Identify the types of joint movement
Explain the role of the skeletal system in homeostasis of the human body
Describe diseases/disorders associated with the skeletal system
VI  Muscular System
Identify the major muscles of the human body
Explain the physiology of muscle contraction
Differentiate between muscle types
Explain the role of the muscular system in homeostasis of the human body
Describe diseases/disorders associated with the muscular system
VII.  Nervous System
Differentiate between the Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems
Identify and state the function of the various cell types found in the human nervous system
Discuss pathways associated with the human nervous system
Identify and state the function(s) of the major regions of the human brain
Explain the mechanism of nerve impulse conduction
Identify and state the function of the major neurotransmitters found in the human body
Explain the relationship between nerve impulse conduction and muscle contraction
Explain the role of the nervous system in homeostasis of the human body
Describe diseases/disorders associated with the nervous system