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Writing Research Papers

Use this tool to understand how the research skills contained in the course outcomes, or other indicators, align with developmental stages of information literacy and critical thinking. See how PCC Librarians can help support the integration of research concepts and skills at levels appropriate to the course outcomes. This guide was prepared by the PCC librarians for Writing Research Papers (WR 222)

Research support framework

The following shows where Writing Research Papers fits into the Research Support Framework developed by PCC Librarians.

Information literacy developmental stage: 
Critical Thinking Support
  • I can explain and describe my position on this issue, and support it with primary sources
  • I can accurately summarize the scholarly conversation
Cognitive domains and information literacy outcomes: 
  • Complexity in research and analysis
  • Participant in scholarly conversation

Library support of CCOGs

These are the course outcomes and other indicators which require library support.

Intended course outcomes related to information literacy: 
  • Successfully organize and manage an extended, research-based, thesis-centered essay of 3500-5000 words (or an equivalent wordcount in shorter essays) using MLA, APA, or other appropriate documentation styles
  • Demonstrate critical thinking and problem-solving in the context of research by showing observational skills, drawing reasonable inferences from a variety of sources, perceiving and establishing relationships among multiple sources, as well as evaluating and analyzing the structure and organization of sources and own writing
  • Independently locate, examine, select, evaluate, and use various primary and secondary sources (including academic, printed, electronic, and interview-based)
  • Practice and demonstrate skills necessary to research writing, such as paraphrase, summary, direct quotation, citation and documentation
  • Understand the ethics of research and avoid plagiarism


Course integrated research support

These are the ways that the librarians can support information literacy achievement for the students in this course.