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Principles of Biology

Use this tool to understand how the research skills contained in the course outcomes, or other indicators, align with developmental stages of information literacy and critical thinking. See how PCC Librarians can help support the integration of research concepts and skills at levels appropriate to the course outcomes. This guide was prepared by the PCC librarians for Principles of Biology (BI 211)

Research support framework

The following shows where Principles of Biology fits into the Research Support Framework developed by PCC Librarians.

Information literacy developmental stage: 
Critical Thinking Support
  • I can explain and describe my position on this issue, and support it with primary sources
  • I can accurately summarize the scholarly conversation
Cognitive domains and information literacy outcomes: 
  • Complexity in research and analysis
  • Participant in scholarly conversation

Library support of CCOGs

These are the course outcomes and other indicators which require library support.

Intended course outcomes related to information literacy: 
  • Assess the strengths and weaknesses of scientific studies in biochemistry and cell biology and critically examine the influence of scientific and technical knowledge of biochemistry and cell biology on human society and the environment.
  • Develop informed positions and opinions on contemporary issues in biochemistry and cell biology, while considering ethical, scientific, community, and cultural implications
Outcome assessment strategies relating to information literacy: 
  • scientific papers that follow standard scientific format presenting independent investigations and may include peer-review(s)
  • scientific article critiques
Course content relating to information literacy: 
  • Read scientific literature
  • Locate and access biological information
Other indicators of required information literacy outcomes: 



Course integrated research support

These are the ways that the librarians can support information literacy achievement for the students in this course.

Corresponding information literacy outcomes: 
  1. Access primary literature in biology
  2. Select and evaluate journal articles for relevance to topic
  3. Critique scientific studies for strengths and weaknesses
  4. Identify research questions to be addressed


Information literacy instructional objectives: 
  1. Evaluate peer-reviewed journal articles from library databases and specialized search engines for usefulness and authority
  2. Estimate the effectiveness of search terms for locating relevant journal articles
  3. Use “cited by” tools to gather a list of  scholars engaged in the same conversations and compare their points of departure from each other
  4. Choose research questions related to topics in the discipline


Bridging competencies: 
  • Differentiate magazine from journal articles
  • Identify scholarly sources on the open web (web-based journals)