Level 8 Academic Writing

Use this tool to understand how the research skills contained in the course outcomes, or other indicators, align with developmental stages of information literacy and critical thinking. See how PCC Librarians can help support the integration of research concepts and skills at levels appropriate to the course outcomes. This guide was prepared by the PCC librarians for Level 8 Academic Writing (ESOL 262)

Research support framework

The following shows where Level 8 Academic Writing fits into the Research Support Framework developed by PCC Librarians.

Information literacy developmental stage: 
Information Mediation
  • I can develop a topic
  • I can search a database and get related results
Cognitive domains and information literacy outcomes: 
  • Begin academic writing
  • Begin informational research

Library support of CCOGs

These are the course outcomes and other indicators which require library support.

Intended course outcomes related to information literacy: 
  • Locate and evaluate potential sources of support for ideas expressed in writing using the Internet, the library, and research databases.
  • Understand the U.S. academic and professional views of plagiarism and use citation to avoid plagiarizing.
Course content relating to information literacy: 
  • apply research techniques and conventions, including library research, interviewing, source materials (summarizing, paraphrasing, quoting) and
  • documentation (parenthetical references, list of works cited) 
  • effectively analyze and synthesize information from a variety of sources and form a well-supported thesis 
  • appropriately incorporate examples or the thoughts of others and provide source citation 
  • avoid plagiarism 
  • demonstrate an awareness of audience and purpose 
  • distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information 
  • selection of a topic worthy of adult communication 
  • accurate documentation
  • multiple sources 
  • library and Internet research 









Course integrated research support

These are the ways that the librarians can support information literacy achievement for the students in this course.

Corresponding information literacy outcomes: 
  1. Explore topic through seeking background information
  2. Interpret result lists from online catalog and database searches
  3. Recognize components for attribution and citation
Information literacy instructional objectives: 
  1. Use introductory, summary information sources like encyclopedias to locate background information and perspectives on topic areas
  2. Use library online catalog to identify published books and articles
  3. Capture citation data for each selected source


Bridging competencies: 
  • Identify synonyms and related concepts
  • Navigate to library website
  • Recognize related concepts for searching as well as matching keywords
  • Understand concept of intellectual property