History of the United States - 1

Use this tool to understand how the research skills contained in the course outcomes, or other indicators, align with developmental stages of information literacy and critical thinking. See how PCC Librarians can help support the integration of research concepts and skills at levels appropriate to the course outcomes. This guide was prepared by the PCC librarians for History of the United States - 1 (HST 201)

Research support framework

The following shows where History of the United States - 1 fits into the Research Support Framework developed by PCC Librarians.

Information literacy developmental stage: 
Information Mediation
  • I can develop a topic
  • I can search a database and get related results
Cognitive domains and information literacy outcomes: 
  • Begin academic writing
  • Begin informational research

Library support of CCOGs

These are the course outcomes and other indicators which require library support.

Intended course outcomes related to information literacy: 
  • Identify culturally grounded assumptions which have influenced the perceptions and behaviors of people in the past in order to assess how culture continues to affect human behavior.


Outcome assessment strategies relating to information literacy: 
  • Analyze and evaluate primary and secondary sources
Course content relating to information literacy: 
  • Analyze and evaluate written, artistic, or other evidence

Course integrated research support

These are the ways that the librarians can support information literacy achievement for the students in this course.

Corresponding information literacy outcomes: 
  1. Gather reliable secondary sources for background information
  2. Use search strategies familiar to historians
  3. Locate copies of  primary sources, historical documents and artifacts



Information literacy instructional objectives: 
  1. Compare and evaluate open web and sources from databases for historicity and validity
  2. Identify and use controlled vocabularies in searching
  3. Use specialized search engines, library databases and journal browsing to locate sources that historians would use


Bridging competencies: 
  • Define a research topic in a hierarchical fashion, broad to specific
  • Differentiate between databases for relevance to topic
  • Differentiate key words from subject headings
  • Use reference tools for building background knowledge