Critical Thinking: Science and the Occult

Use this tool to understand how the research skills contained in the course outcomes, or other indicators, align with developmental stages of information literacy and critical thinking. See how PCC Librarians can help support the integration of research concepts and skills at levels appropriate to the course outcomes. This guide was prepared by the PCC librarians for Critical Thinking: Science and the Occult (PHL 195)

Research support framework

The following shows where Critical Thinking: Science and the Occult fits into the Research Support Framework developed by PCC Librarians.

Information literacy developmental stage: 
Information Mediation
  • Are the qualities of the results what I need?
  • Can these information sources help support my thesis?
Cognitive domains and information literacy outcomes: 
Academic inquiry
  • Directed searching in discipline-specific contexts
  • Connecting sources and integrating them

Library support of CCOGs

These are the course outcomes and other indicators which require library support.

Intended course outcomes related to information literacy: 

Students completing this course should be able to read and assess media reports of scientific studies in order to:

  • Distinguish and understand the basic ideas at the heart of science (theory, hypothesis, explanation, cause, correlation) in order to critically assess scientific theories as they are presented in contemporary society.
  • Recognize the differences between applied and theoretical science in order to evaluate the practical effects of scientific discoveries.
  • Understand the significance of statistical concepts as they apply to scientific studies in order to evaluate potential statistical biases.
  • Distinguish physical from social science and genuine from pseudo-science in order to evaluate truth claims made by people in our society.


Outcome assessment strategies relating to information literacy: 
  •  It will involve lectures, discussions, tests and papers.

Course integrated research support

These are the ways that the librarians can support information literacy achievement for the students in this course.

Corresponding information literacy outcomes: 
  1. Select media reports of scientific studies to assess
  2. Apply components of the scientific method to evaluate information sources
  3. Evaluate the use (or misuse) of statistical data and concepts
  4. Identify claims of truth and locate collaborating sources


Information literacy instructional objectives: 
  1. Locate media reports of scientific studies, and use indicators to locate original study
  2. Identify indicators of the use of the scientific method in information sources
  3. Locate and evaluate sources of statistical data
  4. Identify the purpose of information sources and the authority of the information providers


Bridging competencies: 
  • Identify quotes and paraphrases from original sources
  • Develop a topic statement
  • Articulate search terms for a topic
  • Recognize different types of sources and their place in the information cycle