## Course Content and Outcome Guide for PHL 221

- Course Number:
- PHL 221
- Course Title:
- Symbolic Logic
- Credit Hours:
- 4
- Lecture Hours:
- 40
- Lecture/Lab Hours:
- 0
- Lab Hours:
- 0
- Special Fee:

#### Course Description

Utilizes the constructs and techniques of symbolic logic to illustrate the basis for assessing validity in arguments. Prerequisites: WR 115, RD 115, and MTH 20 or equivalent placement scores. Audit available.#### Intended Outcomes for the course

Students completing this course should be able to:

? Recognize and use formal methods (e.g.Propositional Calculus and Predicate Calculus) in order to analyze the presence of logical reasoning

in social arguments.

? Utilize formal methods for assessing the consistency of statements as a basis for determining the logical validity of arguments.

? Reflect on and discuss the scope and limits of a logical analysis in order to understand how such concepts apply to the utilization of language,

metaphysics, and ethics in social discourse.

? Use formal methods of logic to construct sound arguments in order to effectively communicate strong arguments to others.

#### Outcome Assessment Strategies

- Graded homework assignments
- Short-answer exams
- Student presentations
- Class and small group discussions
- Essays or term papers
- Attendance

#### Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

**Course Content**

**Themes, Concepts, Issues**

- Propositional Calculus
- Predicate Calculus
- Truth Tables
- The evaluation of arguments expressed in Predicate Calculus
- The scope and limits of a formal approach to the analysis of reasoning

**Competencies and Skills:**

- Translate English statements into the language of Propositional and Predicate Calculus
- Use Truth Tables to assess the consistency of Propositional Calculus statements and the validity of arguments expressed in Propositional Calculus
- Use one of the standard tests (e. g., Natural Deduction or Truth-Trees) to assess the validity of arguments expressed in Predicate Calculus
- Demonstrate knowledge of the scope and limits of formalized and mechanical approaches to the analysis of reasoning