Portland Community College | Portland, Oregon

Course Number:
BMZA 106
Course Title:
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy and Physiology II
Credit Hours:
Lecture Hours:
Lecture/Lab Hours:
Lab Hours:
Special Fee:

Course Description

Presents a comparative approach to structure, function, and evolution of vertebrate organ systems with emphasis on special senses, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, and endocrine systems. Includes laboratory dissections of representative vertebrate specimens. Department permission required. Prerequisites: BMZA 105. Audit available.

Intended Outcomes for the course

Upon successful completion, students should be able to:

  • Effectively communicate within a team of zoo professionals regarding the anatomical and physiological conditions of vertebrates being managed.
  • Critically evaluate published research related to special senses, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, and endocrine systems, in order to inform and continuously improve best practices in animal management.
  • Skillfully monitor animal health and well-being using an understanding of their anatomy and physiology.
  • Respond knowledgeably and educate the public when questioned regarding animal anatomy, physiology, and well-being.

Outcome Assessment Strategies

  • Lecture quizzes and exams
  • Lab practical exams
  • Homework assignments for each unit of study
  • Lab attendance and participation

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

Themes, Issues, & Concepts

  • Nervous system
  • Sensory organs - general & special senses
  • Respiratory system
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Lymphatic / immune system
  • Digestive system
  • Urinary system
  • Reproductive system
  • Endocrine system


  • Microscope skills
  • Dissecting skills
  • Visualization skills
  • Descriptive skills
  • Proper usage and pronunciation of terms
  • Study skills