Portland Community College | Portland, Oregon

Course Number:
ART 294C
Course Title:
Sculpture: Metals
Credit Hours:
Lecture Hours:
Lecture/Lab Hours:
Lab Hours:
Special Fee:

Course Description

Explores intermediate sculptural form, processes, techniques, and concepts while addressing historical and contemporary issues. Develops creative problem solving through making sculpture. Employs intermediate level metal working techniques (including but not limited to: welding, cold connections, forming and finishing). Establishes critical skills necessary to evaluate sculpture through critiques, discussions, and sculpture presentations by exploring artistic intent, examining aesthetic and structural solutions, and expanding perceptual awareness of sculpture. This is the third of a three-course sequence. Prerequisites: Two terms of ART 294 or ART 294B or instructor permission. Recommended: ART 117. Audit available.

Intended Outcomes for the course

Students will endeavor to do the following:* Employ creative ways to solve problems using a variety of strategies at theintermediate level for making metal sculpture.* Create personal works of sculpture, which demonstrate an intermediate level ofunderstanding of sculptural ideas, and the materials and techniques associatedwith metal sculpture including but not limited to: welding, cold connections, formingand finishing).*Ask meaningful questions, identify ideas and issues, to actively participate in acritical dialogue about sculpture with others using intermediate level vocabulary.* Understand, interpret, and enjoy sculpture of the past and the present fromdifferent cultures to be able to employ a lifelong process of expanding knowledgeon the diversity of perspectives of the human experience.* Develop a heightened awareness of the physical world, the nature of therelationship of human beings to it, and our impact on it via the experience ofmaking metal sculpture.* Employ self-critiquing skills to expand autonomous expression through metalsculpture while recognizing the standards and definitions already established byboth contemporary and historical works of art from different cultures.

Course Activities and Design

1)Create sculptures that incorporate a variety of technical skills with an awarenessof the inherent characteristics of different sculpture processes used for metalsculpture.2)Generate ideas/concepts with an awareness of the intended content of the workproduced.3)Build upon current skill set with the intent of working towards technicalproficiency with metal.4)Practice safe studio practices in regards to the handling of tools, chemicals andmachinery within a communal studio space.5)Utilize the necessary vocabulary specific to sculpture when participating in classcritiques and discussions.6)Assess and self-critique personal work to strategize creative solutions for metalsculpture.7)Develop personal work with an awareness of historical and contemporary artistsworking in sculpture.

Outcome Assessment Strategies

* Make creative, appropriately crafted, challenging sculptural solutions to given provocations using metal working techniques at the intermediate level.* Demonstrate technical welding and metal forming procedures properly.* Comprehend and apply analysis of sculptural ideas, techniques, terminology, and issues through participation in formal critiques and discussions using intermediate level vocabulary.* Develop conceptual ideas through the practice of creative research and preparatory studies (e.g. sketchbooks, journals, maquettes, models, writing assignments, presentations, technical practice tests, etc.).

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

Concepts, Ideas, and Issues Pertaining to the Creative Process*Strategies for developing ideas (i.e. experiencing and playing withmaterials, imagining, dreaming, visualizing, symbolizing, writing,reading, researching, studying historical and cultural examples,sketching, collaborating, discussing)*Strategies for problem solving towards concretion of ideas in sculpturalform (i.e. sketches, plans, maquettes, test pieces, models)*Perception and Art*Form and Content*Interpreting artHistorical and Cultural Contexts*Concepts, theories, and issues addressed by various cultures andhistorical periods*Concepts, theories, and issues addressed by contemporary sculptors fromdifferent cultures with an emphasis on sculpture made with metal*Relationships between form and content in works of art from differentcultures and historical periods*The roles of art and artists in different cultures*Intercultural and interhistorical influences (e.g. the influence of African arton western, modern sculpture)Sculptural Forms and Perceptual Impact*Visual/physical elements used to create sculptural form: point, line, plane,shape, form, marks, texture, shadow, light, value, color, space, sound,smell, weight, volume, mass, text, etc.*Relationships of characteristics of visual/ physical elements to beconsidered (e.g. proportion, length, thickness, position, orientation,scale, weight, interrelationship of shapes, relative value and color,movement and stillness, quality of texture etc.)*Strategies for manipulating visual/physical elements that is ways ofthinking of composing with visual/physical elements (e.g. arrange,juxtapose, relate, contrast, group, balance, unify, repeat, edit,elaborate, classify, divide, increase, decrease, maximize, minimize,dissect, separate, align, vary, diversify, alternate, reduce, connect,etc.)*The relationship between materials and their visual/ physical impact(i.e. astick or string acts as a line, an indentation in a form is simultaneouslyperceived as a mark, a material is chosen for its shape and color etc,an element is chosen for its weighty quality, an object or material isused for it's olfactory impact, an object is chosen for its associativequalities etc.)Materials and Techniques*Gravity and the basic forces of tension and compression.*Materials and meaning*Physical activities used to alter and form metals (e.g. cut, bend, heat,carve, compress, stretch, twist, hammer, rust, corrode, etch, etc.)*Physical ways of connecting metals together(e.g. butt, prop, lean, bind,stack, wrap, peg, nail, slot, weld, screw, rivet, add, tense, tie, pin,cantilever, balance, etc.)*Types of sculptural processes which can be incorporated into metalsculpture (e.g cold and hot forging, repousse, casting, welding,soldering, brazing, cold connections such as rivet construction, chainmaking, hinging, linear armature construction, finishing techniques ,etc.)*Use of various power tools(hand held grinders, bench grinder, chop saw,band saw, shears, etc)*Safety and Environmental concerns of materials and techniques: properdisposal of waste, places where recycled material can be found,proper safety attire to be used when working with specific materials,health related concerns, sources of information on these subjectsCritical Analysis*Purposes of criticism and analysis of artworks: deepen understanding,reflect on level of quality and possible improvements, heighten creative decision making by observing decisions made by others and oneself, establish and maintain high standards of achievement, askquestions, find new connections, create autonomy and creative confidence, create new problems to solve, discuss art with others to expose oneself to multiple perspectives etc.*Vocabulary relevant to ideas, materials, and techniques pertaining to metal sculpture and sculpture in general*Application, interpretation, and redefinition of sculptural ideas, connection of historical and cultural contexts, personal expression and creative freedom*Aspects of criticism: formal, conceptual, historical, cultural, experiential etc.