Portland Community College | Portland, Oregon

Course Number:
ART 291C
Course Title:
Sculpture: Carving
Credit Hours:
Lecture Hours:
Lecture/Lab Hours:
Lab Hours:
Special Fee:

Course Description

Explores intermediate sculptural form, processes, techniques, and concepts while addressing historical and contemporary issues in sculpture. Develops creative problem solving through making sculpture. Employs intermediate level techniques associated with the reductive process of carving to make sculpture. Establishes critical skills necessary to evaluate sculpture through critiques, discussions, and sculpture presentations by exploring artistic intent, examining aesthetic and structural solutions, and expanding perceptual awareness of sculpture. This is the third in a three-course sequence. Prerequisites: Two terms of ART 291 or ART 291B or instructor permission. Recommended: ART 117. Audit available.

Intended Outcomes for the course

Students will endeavor to do the following:* Employ creative ways to solve problems using intermediate level strategies for making sculpture with materials that may be carved (e.g. stone, wood, salt, soap, wax, bone, foam etc.)* Create personal works of sculpture, which demonstrate an intermediate level of understanding of sculptural ideas, and the processes, materials, and techniques associated with carving.* Ask meaningful questions, identify ideas and issues, to actively participate in a critical dialogue about sculpture with others using intermediate level vocabulary * Understand, interpret, and enjoy sculpture of the past and the present from different cultures to employ a lifelong process of expanding knowledge on the diversity of perspectives of the human experience.* Develop a heightened awareness of the physical world, the nature of the relationship of human beings to it, and our impact on it via the experience of making carved sculptures.* Employ self-critiquing skills to expand autonomous expression through carved sculpture while recognizing the standards and definitions already established by both contemporary and historical works of art from different cultures.

Course Activities and Design

1)Create sculptures that incorporate a variety of technical skills with an awareness of the inherent characteristics of different sculpture processes using the reductive process of carving.2)Generate ideas/concepts with an awareness of the intended content of the work produced.3)Build upon current skill set with the intent of working towards technical proficiency with the reductive process of carving.4)Practice safe studio practices in regards to the handling of tools, chemicals and machinery within a communal studio space.5)Utilize the necessary vocabulary specific to sculpture when participating in class critiques and discussions.6)Assess and self-critique personal work to strategize creative solutions for the reductive process of carving.7)Develop personal work with an awareness of historical and contemporary artists working in sculpture.

Outcome Assessment Strategies

*Make creative, appropriately crafted, challenging sculptural solutions to givenprovocations using various carving techniques at the intermediate level.* Comprehend and apply analysis of sculptural ideas, techniques, terminology,and issues through participation in formal critiques and discussions using aintermediate level of vocabulary.*Develop conceptual ideas through the practice of creative research andpreparatory studies (e.g. sketchbooks, journals, maquettes, models, writingassignments, presentations, technical practice tests, etc.).

Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)

Themes, Concepts, Issues*Concepts, Ideas, and Issues Pertaining to the Creative Process*Strategies for developing ideas (i.e. experiencing and playing with materials,imagining, dreaming, visualizing, symbolizing, writing, reading, researching,studying historical and cultural examples, sketching, collaborating, discussing)* Strategies for problem solving towards concretion of ideas in sculptural form (i.e.sketches, plans, maquettes, test pieces, models)* Perception and Art* Form and Content* Interpreting artHistorical and Cultural Contexts* Concepts, theories, and issues addressed by various cultures and historicalperiods* Concepts, theories, and issues addressed by contemporary sculptors fromdifferent cultures* Relationships between form and content in works of art from different culturesand historical periods*The roles of art and artists in different cultures* Intercultural and €œinterhistorical€ influences (e.g. the influence of pre Columbiansculpture on modern sculpture or the influence of Bernini on contemporary woodcarvers like Ricky Swallow)Sculptural Forms and Perceptual Impact*Visual/physical elements used to create sculptural form: point, line, plane, shape,form, marks, texture, shadow, light, value, color, space, sound, smell, weight,volume, mass, text, etc.*Relationships of characteristics of visual/ physical elements to be considered (e.g.proportion, length, thickness, position, orientation, scale, weight, interrelationshipof shapes, relative value and color, movement and stillness, quality of texture etc.)*Strategies for manipulating visual/physical elements that is ways of thinking of composing with visual/physical elements (e.g. arrange, juxtapose, relate,contrast, group, balance, unify, repeat, edit, elaborate, classify, divide, increase,decrease, maximize, minimize, dissect, separate, align, vary, diversify, alternate,reduce, connect, etc.)* The relationship between materials and their visual/ physical impact (i.e. a stickor string acts as a line, an indentation in a form is simultaneously perceived as amark, a material is chosen for its shape and color, an element is chosen for itsweighty quality, an object or material is used for it€™s olfactory impact, an object ischosen for its associative qualities etc.)Materials and Techniques*Gravity and the basic forces of tension and compression*Materials, their handling, meaning, and sources*Techniques for visualizing and roughing out sculptures using carving (e.g.splitting stone)*Physical activities used to carve by hand and with power tools (i. e. chiseling,shaving, rasping, sanding, grinding, sawing, drilling, cutting.*Finishing Techniques for different carving materials (i.e. sanding, polishing,texturing, cleaning, painting, adhesion etc.)*Working with Safety and Environmental concerns of materials and techniquesassociated with carving in particular as well as other associated materials: properdisposal of waste, places where recycled material can be found, proper safetyattire to be used when working with specific materials, health related concerns,sources of information on these subjects*Critical Analysis*Purposes of criticism and analysis of artworks: deepen understanding, reflect onlevel of quality and possible improvements, heighten creative decision making byobserving decisions made by others and oneself, establish and maintain highstandards of achievement, ask questions, find new connections, create autonomyand creative confidence, create new problems to solve, discuss art with others toexpose oneself to multiple perspectives etc.* Vocabulary relevant to ideas, materials, and techniques pertaining to sculpture made by carving*Application, interpretation, and redefinition of sculptural ideas, connection ofhistorical and cultural contexts, personal expression and creative freedom* Aspects of criticism: formal, conceptual, historical, cultural, experiential etc.