- Posted by:
- Curriculum Office
- Course Number:
- ART 291A
- Course Title:
- Sculpture: Carving
- Credit Hours:
- Lecture hours:
- Lecture/Lab hours:
- Lab hours:
- Special Fee:
Introduces basic sculptural form, processes, techniques, and concepts while addressing historical and contemporary issues in sculpture. Develops an introductory level of creative problem solving through a variety of techniques associated with the reductive process of carving to make sculpture. Introduces critical skills necessary to evaluate sculpture through critiques, discussions, and sculpture presentations by exploring artistic intent, examining aesthetic and structural solutions, and expanding perceptual awareness of sculpture. This is the first of a three-course sequence. Recommended: ART 117. Audit available.
Addendum to Course Description
There are no course prerequisites although Basic Design 117 is helpful. Emphasis will be on using the reductive process of carving in a variety of ways to create sculpture. A sense of curiosity and a willingness to experiment are helpful.
Intended Outcomes for the course
Students will endeavor to do the following:
* Find and develop creative ways to solve problems using a variety of basic strategies for making sculpture with materials that may be carved (e.g. stone, wood, salt, soap, wax, bone, foam etc.)
* Create personal works of sculpture, which demonstrate an introductory level of understanding of sculptural ideas, and the processes, materials, and techniques associated with carving.
* Ask meaningful questions, identify ideas and issues, and develop a basic vocabulary to be able
to actively participate in a critical dialogue about sculpture with others.
* Understand, interpret, and enjoy sculpture of the past and the present from different cultures to
initiate a lifelong process of expanding knowledge on the diversity of perspectives of the human
* Develop a heightened awareness of the physical world, the nature of the relationship of human
beings to it, and our impact on it via the experience of making carved sculptures.
* Use self-critiquing skills to begin developing autonomous expression through carved sculpture
while recognizing the standards and definitions already established by both contemporary and
historical works of art from different cultures.
Outcome Assessment Strategies
Students will do the following in order to be assessed:
v Make creative, appropriately crafted, challenging sculptural solutions to given provocations using various carving techniques.
v Comprehend and apply analysis of sculptural ideas, techniques, terminology, and issues through participation in formal critiques and discussions.
v Develop conceptual ideas through the practice of creative research and preparatory studies (e.g. sketchbooks, journals, maquettes, models, writing assignments, presentations, technical practice tests, etc.).
Course Content (Themes, Concepts, Issues and Skills)
Themes, Concepts, Issues
v Concepts, Ideas, and Issues Pertaining to the Creative Process
v Strategies for developing ideas (i.e. experiencing and playing with materials, imagining, dreaming, visualizing, symbolizing, writing, reading, researching, studying historical and cultural examples, sketching, collaborating, discussing)
v Strategies for problem solving towards concretion of ideas in sculptural form (i.e. sketches, plans, maquettes, test pieces, models)
v Perception and Art
v Form and Content
v Interpreting art
v Historical and Cultural Contexts
v Concepts, theories, and issues addressed by various cultures and historical periods
v Concepts, theories, and issues addressed by contemporary sculptors from
v Relationships between form and content in works of art from different cultures and historical periods
v The roles of art and artists in different cultures
v Intercultural and “interhistorical” influences (e.g. the influence of pre Columbian sculpture on modern sculpture or the influence of Bernini on contemporary wood carvers like Ricky Swallow)
v Sculptural Forms and Perceptual Impact
v Visual/physical elements used to create sculptural form: point, line, plane, shape, form, marks, texture, shadow, light, value, color, space, sound, smell, weight, volume, mass, text, etc.
v Relationships of characteristics of visual/ physical elements to be considered (e.g. proportion, length, thickness, position, orientation, scale, weight, interrelationship of shapes, relative value and color, movement and stillness, quality of texture etc.)
v Strategies for manipulating visual/physical elements that is ways of thinking of composing with visual/physical elements (e.g. arrange, juxtapose, relate, contrast, group, balance, unify, repeat, edit, elaborate, classify, divide, increase, decrease, maximize, minimize, dissect, separate, align, vary, diversify, alternate, reduce, connect, etc.)
v The relationship between materials and their visual/ physical impact (i.e. a stick or string acts as a line, an indentation in a form is simultaneously perceived as a mark, a material is chosen for its shape and color, an element is chosen for its weighty quality, an object or material is used for it’s olfactory impact, an object is chosen for its associative qualities etc.)
v Materials and Techniques
v Gravity and the basic forces of tension and compression
v Materials, their handling, meaning, and sources
v Techniques for visualizing and roughing out sculptures using carving (e.g. splitting stone)
v Physical activities used to carve by hand and with power tools (i. e. chiseling, shaving, rasping, sanding, grinding, sawing, drilling, cutting.
v Finishing Techniques for different carving materials (i.e. sanding, polishing, texturing, cleaning, painting, adhesion etc.)
v Working with Safety and Environmental concerns of materials and techniques associated with carving in particular as well as other associated materials: proper disposal of waste, places where recycled material can be found, proper safety attire to be used when working with specific materials, health related concerns, sources of information on these subjects
v Critical Analysis
v Purposes of criticism and analysis of artworks: deepen understanding, reflect on level of quality and possible improvements, heighten creative decision making by observing decisions made by others and oneself, establish and maintain high standards of achievement, ask questions, find new connections, create autonomy and creative confidence, create new problems to solve, discuss art with others to expose oneself to multiple perspectives etc.
v Vocabulary relevant to ideas, materials, and techniques pertaining to sculpture made by carving
v Application, interpretation, and redefinition of sculptural ideas, connection of historical and cultural contexts, personal expression and creative freedom
v Aspects of criticism: formal, conceptual, historical, cultural, experiential etc.
Competencies and Skills
The successful student should be able to do the following:
v Find resources for materials and tools used in making sculpture with materials that may be carved
v Conduct research to develop ideas, perspectives, and influences from a variety of sources
v Employ a variety of strategies to solve problems encountered in the process of realizing an idea for a sculpture in physical form. Students will be able to make models, sketches, maquettes, material tests etc.
v Use a variety of conceptual strategies to create sculpture using the reductive process
v Understand and use a variety of materials, tools, and techniques associated with making carved sculptures
v Use the proper safety/health equipment and procedures in working with carving and its associated materials
v Make interesting, challenging, appropriately crafted sculptures that are personally meaningful
v Understand and apply basic vocabulary necessary to discuss the formal, conceptual, and technical aspects of sculpture
v Analyze and enjoy the formal and perceptual concerns of sculpture
v Communicate with others on a variety of levels (i.e. formal, conceptual etc.) on the subject of sculpture
v Assess the ways in which art objects are affected by personal perspectives and experiences
v Make historical and cultural connections in determining meaning and understanding of art
v Enables student to begin preparing a portfolio of sculptural work